What is enamel hypoplasia? It is a tooth defect that results in less quantity of enamel than normal. It ranges from very small areas to an entire tooth being discolored or disfigured. Sometimes, it is only an aesthetic concern. Other times, these teeth can be sensitive and may be more susceptible to cavities.
What does it look like?
It can change the color, size, shape or texture of the tooth. All or part of the tooth may look more white or brown as compared to other teeth.
What causes it?
It is difficult to pinpoint the cause but it is thought that environmental and genetic factors during tooth formation cause this condition. This includes trauma to the tooth during formation, infections during pregnancy or infancy, hypoxia, and genetic conditions.
What needs to be done about it?
Treatment depends on the severity of the hypoplasia and if the patient is having symptoms. In some cases, careful observation is enough. In minor cases, we can place sealants. Dr. Lindhorst or Dr. Jadav may need to do a filling or place a stainless steel crown to help protect the tooth. When the patient is older, he or she may need a full coverage porcelain crown or veneers.