What is enamel hypoplasia?
It is a tooth defect that results in less quality of enamel than normal. It ranges from
very small areas to an enre tooth being discolored or disfigured. Sometimes, it is only
an esthetic concern. Other times, these teeth can be sensitive and may be more
susceptible to cavities.
What does it look like?
It can change the color, size, shape or texture of the tooth. All or part of the tooth may
look more white or brown as compared to other teeth.
What causes it?
It is difficult to pinpoint the cause but it is thought that environmental and genetic
factors during tooth formation cause this condition. This includes trauma to the tooth
during formation, infections during pregnancy or infancy, hypoxia, and genetic
What needs to be done about it?
Treatment depends on the severity of the hypoplasia and if the patient is having
symptoms. In some cases, careful observation is enough. In minor cases, we can place
sealants. Dr. Lindhorst or Dr. Jadav may need to do a filling or place a stainless steel
crown to help protect the tooth. When the patient is older, he or she may need a full
coverage porcelain crown or veneers.
Smiles for Kids Pediatric Dentistry